South Georgia Island

Penguin colony surveys from 2012 to 2019: Photographic observations and documentation of the distribution and abundance of penguins at selected breeding areas on South Georgia Island (a British Overseas Territory in Antarctica). This has been accomplished using small aerial tele-robots (a.k.a., quadcopter drones) equipped with high resolution cameras which has allowed us to map the distributions and abundances of penguins and the characteristics of their terrestrial habitats from the acquired photographs. Using computer assistance we can rapidly count the animals in the photographs and identify the species and age compositions of the groups of animals.